Aquarium mosses are a beautiful addition to any planted tank. They often require next to no care and can thrive in a wide range of water conditions. Not only do they brighten the aquatic scenery, but they often serve as a hiding and egg-laying spot for many species.
There are tenths of kinds of mosses but today we will review two of the most common ones – Christmas Moss and Java Moss. These two types are among the easiest to look after and have some similarities.
With this said, what is the difference between the Christmas Moss and the Java Moss? To begin with, the Java moss is considered the easiest to look after. It will survive in all various water conditions and is suggested as the best option for aquariums with low light and less equipment. While the Java moss is great for filling spaces with greenery, the Christmas moss tends to grow flat will cover anything you attach it to entirely.
In addition, it grows slowly and demands a lot of light as well as CO2 which stimulates its growth and color.
Below, you can read about the differences between these two kinds of mosses, in addition to an in-depth explanation of each type.
Although it originates from Southeast Asia, it is nowadays the most widespread and preferred kind of moss. It is one of the easiest plants to grow. Compared to most other plants and mosses, in particular, it is exceptionally durable and will grow and stay green in harsh water conditions that would kill almost everything.
Java moss loves moving waters. My tip is to always attach it to something by yourself – rocks, roots, structures. If there is a current in your tank and it is not attached to something it will hold on to any tubing it finds and this is not what you want to happen.
It has no real roots, but it uses something called rhizoids that are familiar to roots but they simply do not absorb nutrients. This kind of moss uses its leaves and stems for this particular process.
Water requirements, Maintenance, Growth
As I mentioned once or twice, the Java moss will thrive in a variety of water conditions. The possible survival ranges of pH and temperature are impressive but there are, of course, water parameters that will make this moss flourish.
See below a small table with the widest range of water conditions and shortly afterward I will discuss growth and maintenance in-depth.
|Temperature||Between 14C and 30C (57-86F)|
|pH||Between 5.5 and 8.0|
|Hardness||Up to 20 dGH|
The most perfect temperature for Java moss is between 20C and 24C. Aquarium temperatures of this range will stimulate growth and coloration. This kind of moss is a slow-to-medium grower and it requires almost no light, unlike Christmas moss, for example.
Although it is not a necessity if you want to stimulate its growth you can add CO2. Besides that, once you put it in its place, do not move it as this will interrupt its growing process.
In addition to the low requirements, maintenance is not necessary. There is nothing you will have to do apart from trimming it which is a personal choice. Even if you leave it wild, it will be beautiful and catch the eye. To trim it, simply use regular scissors but once again do not move the plant itself.
Algae is the one single problem that may occur with Java moss. To be fair, it mainly depends on how you take care of your tank. Algae usually appear when water conditions are poor for a period of time. Besides that, it could appear when you use CO2 which I mentioned above.
Small amounts of algae will only benefit your tank but if you do nothing about it, it can get out of hand. If algae grow deep in your Java moss, it is almost impossible to remove and therefore, your safest bet is to simply remove the moss and try out with a brand new plant.
To remove algae, you can use a variety of chemicals or simply buy algae-eating shrimps or fish.
Christmas Moss obviously gets its name from the triangular shape of its leaves which resemble fir three branches. Originally, it comes from Brazil but is now slowly becoming available worldwide. It is normally used to create a wall or a carpet in an aquarium. In addition, it is known to remove nitrogen. Compared to Java moss, it is a slower grower and it has completely different requirements.
Water requirements, Maintenance, Growth
Unlike Java moss, it requires warmer water and a lot more light. In terms of temperature, it will survive in water between 66F and 78F(18C – 26C). The pH can range between 5.5 and 8.0. The most comfortable temperature and pH, however, are above 72F(22C) and between 6-7.5 pH.
Another difference is that it grows faster when the water is warmer. Since it often grows flat, it is a great option for large driftwood and rocks. If you are patient enough, it will cover them entirely.
It can also be used to create a carpet on the ground of the aquarium but it could become home to algae. Another way to stimulate its growth is by adding CO2 but with such a slow-growing plant it is not entirely certain that it will work.
In terms of maintenance, the Christmas moss requires more trimming than the Java moss. It is not a necessity but it will certainly help it survive and grow. Read below to find out what could happen if you decide to not prune it.
Algae is once again the major issue as it is with most plants and mosses in particular. If the water parameters are imbalanced, it could lead to a nest of algae in the moss. The ways to control it are similar and include chemicals or algae-eating species of fish and shrimps.
As mentioned above, not trimming the Christmas moss can lead to the plant dying. Although it does not happen to everyone, if you see leafs turning brown, consider pruning it.
Such problems can occur immediately after you buy the plant, simply because you are introducing it to a completely different tank. Otherwise, similar to algae, it can occur after changes in temperature and other water parameters.
Christmas Moss vs. Java Moss. Which one to choose?
To be fair, these two plants are not too different in terms of appearance and could often be mistaken as the same thing. When you buy, make sure it is from a reputable store in order not to get the correct moss.
Other than that, it all depends on what you actually want and your aquarium itself. You now know the different requirements of each one. Java moss will feel most comfortable in cooler water while Christmas moss will grow and survive in warmer temperatures.
In addition, if there is not enough light in the tank, Java moss is the better choice. It is also the easiest to look after which makes it perfect for beginners. In the end, it also depends on what type of greenery you want. I consider Java moss as a plant that I can fill in empty spots with while I would use Christmas moss to completely cover rocks or driftwoods, or create a wall at the back of my tank.
Is moss good for a fish tank?
Besides being a beautiful addition to your landscape, moss has other benefits as well. It absorbs waste such as nitrate nutrients. They also provide cover for small inhabitants, no matter shrimps or fish and can be used as an egg-laying spot.
Is Java moss invasive?
It is actually one of the most invasive plants you could find. Once the roots attach themselves, you will hardly manage to remove them entirely. If it happens that you want to take it out of the tank and not have it anymore, you will most likely have to remove the whole rock or driftwood that it is attached to. This is also the main reason why it is so good for covering things as well.
What does Java moss do in a tank?
Java moss can be used for a variety of purposes. You already know how great it looks in a tank when it is attached to an object. Even if you have a tank that has no fish but you keep it as a refreshing landscape.
Besides that, it is often used as a hiding spot by small species of fish and even a place to lay eggs.